John D. Banja PhD
Dr. John Banja is a Professor in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and a medical ethicist at the Center for Ethics at Emory University. He also directs the Section on Ethics for the Georgia Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Emory. Dr. Banja received a doctorate degree in philosophy from Fordham University in New York and has taught and lectured on topics in medical ethics throughout the United States. He has authored or coauthored over 200 publications and has delivered over 800 invited presentations at regional, national, and international conferences. He currently serves as the Editor of the American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience, the leading scholarly journal in the field of neuroethics. Dr. Banja has conducted research or educational projects with numerous federal and private organizations including the NIH, the American College of Surgeons, The Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, The National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management, and the Georgia Hospital Association. He is a former board member of the Commission for Case Manager Certification as well as the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. His research interests include topics in patient safety, neuroethics, artificial intelligence and ethical dilemmas occurring in clinical and translational research.
Moral Machines: How is AI Pushing our Ethical Boundaries?, Presented by Emory University’s Center for Ethics
Remarkable advances in artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the way we do business, diagnose disease, and even relate to one another. AI is already making decisions with real impact on our lives, some with profound moral implications. The development of AI is also fraught with unprecedented challenges. How will we build fairness and equity into our AI models? How will we assure they will be accurate, trustworthy and unbiased? Can AI programs be protected from cyberterrorists and hackers? As AI surpasses human intelligence and capabilities, how do we assure that we continue to control AI, rather than the other way around? We will discuss these and other challenges that AI poses to society and ponder the ethical dilemmas that AI poses to us all.
Patient Safety Ethics: How Vigilance, Mindfulness, Compliance, and Humility Can Make Healthcare Safer
Human errors occur all too frequently in medical practice settings. One sobering recent report claimed that medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the United States. Hoping to reverse this disturbing trend but wondering why it is that things usually go well despite errors, John D. Banja’s Patient Safety Ethics lays out a model that advocates vigilance, mindfulness, compliance, and humility as core ethical principles of patient safety. Arguing that the safe provision of healthcare is one of the most fundamental moral obligations of clinicians, Banja surveys the research literature on harm-causing medical errors to explore the ethical foundations of patient safety and to reduce the severity and frequency of medical error. Drawing on contemporary scholarship on quality improvement, risk management, and medical decision making, Banja also relies on a novel source of information to illustrate patient safety ethics: medical malpractice suits. Providing professional perspective with insights from prominent patient safety experts, Patient Safety Ethics identifies hazard pitfalls and suggests concrete ways for clinicians and regulators to improve patient safety through an ethically cultivated program of “hazard awareness.”